A secondary victim is:
- a person who is present at the scene of a violent crime and who is injured as a direct result of witnessing that crime; or
- a person injured as a direct result of subsequently becoming aware of an act of violence and who is the parent/guardian of the primary victim who was under the age of 18 at the time the criminal act was committed.
A secondary victim may be awarded up to $50,000 for reasonable expenses incurred (or likely to be incurred) in recovery from the crime for:
- reasonable counselling expenses;
- medical expenses incurred as a direct result of the violent crime; and
- in exceptional circumstances, loss of earnings of up to $20,000.
Where the secondary victim is under the age of 18 and witnesses a violent crime involving a family member or is the parent/guardian of a child who was under the age of 18 at the time the criminal act was committed, the Tribunal may include in the amount awarded (within the $50,000 limit) an amount for other expenses actually and reasonably incurred, or reasonably likely to be incurred, to assist him or her in their recovery from witnessing the crime.